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Expedition overviewTeamHistoryArea of field worksResultsExpedition News
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The Russian Federal Forensic Centre created the lifetime
appearances of Vasily and Tatiana Pronchishchev
by the method of plastic reconstruction.

On the basis of the achieved results and the subsequent investigations it was proved that the burial place at the mouth of the Olenek River is actually the burial place of Vasily and Tatiana Pronchishchev. This conclusion is confirmed by the following facts:

  1. The burial place is paired, simultaneous.
  2. The discovered remains belong to the people of the European race.
  3. The age of a man and a woman at the moment of death corresponds to the age of Vasily and Tatian Pronchishchev.
  4. The spectrum analysis of the bones of the buried people excludes the possibility of their birth or long stay at this territory. Consequently the ruined can not be the Russian manufacturers or kazaks, residing in the Oleneksky camp.
  5. The items, extracted from the burial place (bronze cross, worn next to skin and woman's shoes), are typical for the European part of Russia of the first half of the XIX century.

From the "Act of opening and the preliminary investigation
of the burial place of Vasily V. Pronchishchev
and Tatiana V. Pronchishchev":

"The opening of the grave was carried out in accordance with the accepted methods of excavations of the burial places

At the depth of 25 cm in the center of the grave pit there was observed the conglomeration of large stones, beneath which at the distance 810 cm from each other there were cleared out the upper contours of the two coffins, which were closely adjacent to each other and the two prognathous jaw-bones. Two skeletons (#1 and #2) were cleared inside the coffins. The two skeletons were oriented along the line east west with the heads to the west. The bone remains are well preserved".

The skeleton #1 belongs to a man of a young age (355), above middle height (167171 cm), related to the European race. Not long before his death the man had a trauma of his left leg, accompanied by a cross fracture. No signs of scurvy disease were found after examination of jaws and teeth.

The skeleton #2 belonged to the woman of the age 2530 years, below the average height (155157 cm), relating to the European race. But at the same time there were found the traces of the Mongolian race, what, evidently, testifies to her mixed origin. The state of her teeth indicates the presence of carious. There was carried out the visual and x-ray examination of the skeleton, which did not show any evident traces of disease, which could have caused the death. The bronze cross was found in the area of the cervical vertebra. High-heeled woman's leather shoes were found near the lower part of the legs. The indicated finds correspond to the supposed age of the burial XVIII century.

The investigation of the remains, discovered in the burial place, with regard to the historical, archaeological and medical-anthropological data, gives the reason to conclude that they belong to Vasily V. Pronchishchev, the year of birth 1702, the year of death 1736 (the skeleton #1) and to Tatina V. Pronchishchev (maiden name Kondyreva), the year of birth 1710, the year of death 1736 (the skeleton #2).

Scientists determined that the reason of the death of Vasily Pronchishchev was the adipose embolism, starting after the open fracture of a shin-bone, which evidently occurred in two weeks before his death.

The reasons of the death of Tatiana Pronchishchev were not determined. The radiogram of the head of T. Pronchishchev allows to suggest that she had otitis, and as a result pneumonia, which could have been the course of her death.

The expedition discovered the remains of the Russian settlement in one kilometre to the north of the grave. This is the only one known Russian trade settlement of XVIIXVIII centuries in the polar part of Siberia. This settlement has connection with the names of the first Russian pioneer explorers Semyen Dezhnev and Ivan Rebrov.

This settlement is constantly mentioned in the references between 1735 and 1822. In the last case it is mentioned as a deserted settlement with some destroyed houses. This allows to suggest that this settlement existed in XVIII, but obviously it could be dated back to XVII. Excavations of one of the buildings confirmed this suggestion. The items, found at this place, can be dated to XVIIXVIII, among them: a massive iron arrow-head, two knives, seizures of original shape, fishing floats from the birch bark, glass bead and a piece of fabric.

VASILY
PRONCHISHCHEV
Reconstruction
V.Zvyagin
Picture
E.Kallistova

TATIANA PRONCHISHCHEV

Reconstruction
V.Zvyagin
Picture
E.Kallistova

 


Expedition overviewTeamHistoryArea of field worksResultsExpedition News
Russian ver.• Contact usHome pageGallery new!

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